Take care of those gums and you can have your teeth for life.
Gum (periodontal) disease is an inflammatory disease caused by bacteria accumulation (dental plaque) above and below the gum. The treatments involved in periodontal disease vary depending on the progression of the disease. In the early stage of gum disease (gingivitis), it can usually be treated successfully by removing the plaque and calculus (scaling and polishing) followed by thorough brushing and flossing everyday.
In the advance stage of gum disease (periodontitis) which involved bone loss, immediate treatment such as root planing is very crucial to eliminate the infection and stop damage to the teeth and gums. However, a gum surgery may be needed in uncontrolled gum disease where the gums are already severely damage. Uncontrolled gum disease has been associated with increased risk of diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
Signs of Gum Disease
Signs of gum disease may include:
- Red, swollen or bleeding gums,
- Bad breath
- Receding gums
- Pain or discomfort in teeth, gums or soft tissues of the mouth
- Loosening of teeth over time
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